Every year, intellectual impresario and Edge  editor John Brockman summons some of our greatest thinkers and unleashes them on one provocative question, whether its the single most elegant theory of how the world works  or the best way to enhance our cognitive toolkit . This year, he sets out on the most ambitious quest yet, a meta-exploration of thought itself: Thinking: The New Science of Decision-Making, Problem-Solving, and Prediction  (public library ) collects short essays and lecture adaptations from such celebrated and wide-ranging (though not in gender) minds as Daniel Dennett , Jonathan Haidt , Dan Gilbert , and Timothy Wilson , covering subjects as diverse as morality, essentialism, and the adolescent brain.
Thinking  is excellent and mind-expanding in its entirety. Complement it with Brockman's This Will Make You Smarter: New Scientific Concepts to Improve Your Thinking , one of the best psychology books of 2012. 
—Maria Popova, Brain Pickings