42.
  • George Church
    Professor, Harvard University, Director, Personal Genome Project

    A roadmap for eliminating viruses from industrial microbes (& possibly agriculture and humans). It shows the "Genetic Code" used in every living thing on our planet -- all 64 possible triplet "codon" combinations of 4 bases: A, C, G, U. The numbers represent how many times each of these occurs in the star of genome engineering -- E.coli. The 3-letter names in black are the 20 amino acids encoded by the triplets. The 3-color uppercase symbols represent the "anti-codons" in the tRNA molecules responsible for the decoding. We are using this map to design and construct new genomes with new codes.