Curriculum Vitae

Born, March 28, 1942.
Married to Susan Bell Dennett; two children.

20 Ironwood Road, No. Andover, MA 01845 U.S.A.

B.A., Harvard University, 1963, cum laude
D. Phil. (philosophy), Oxford, 1965

Woodrow Wilson Fellowship, 1963 (declined, to study at Oxford).
Guggenheim Fellowship, 1973-74 (declined in favor of next two items).
Santayana Fellowship, Harvard University, 1974 (honorary).
N. E. H. Younger Humanist Fellowship, 1974.
Fulbright Research Fellowship to the University,Bristol, England, 1978.
Visiting Fellowship, All Souls College, Oxford, 1979.
N. E. H. Senior Fellowship, 1979.
Fellow, Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, 1979-80.
Guggenheim Fellowship, 1986-87.
Fellow, Zentrum f¸r Interdisciplin”re Forschung, Bielefeld, Germany, 1990.
Writer in Residence, Bellagio Study and Conference Center, Italy, 1990.
Visiting Erskine Fellow, Univ. of Canterbury, Christchurch, New Zealand, 1995.
Distinguished Fellow, Centre for the Mind, Institute for Advanced Study, Australian
National University, Canberra, Feb, 1998. SPECIAL

Taft Lectures, University of Cincinnati, 1978.
Luce Distinguished Lecture in Cognitive Science, University of Rochester, 1979.
Herbert Spencer Lecture, Oxford University, 1979.
Princeton University Annual Philosophy Lectures, 1980.
Sloan Visiting Scientist Lectures, Dept. of Computer Science, Yale University, 1980.
Council for Philosophical Studies, Summer Institute on Psychology and the Philosophy of Mind, Univ. of Washington, Seattle, July 1981.
John Locke Lectures, Oxford University, April, May, 1983.
Gavin David Young Lectures, University of Adelaide, Australia, June, July, 1984.
Gramlich Memorial Lecture, Philosophy Department, Dartmouth College,
April 24, 1985.
Visiting Professor, Ecole Normale Superieure, Paris, May, 1985.
John Dewey Lecture, University of Vermont, February 13, 1986.
Distinguished Lecture Series, MIT Laboratory of Computer Science, March 13, 1986.
Tanner Lecture, University of Michigan, November 6, 1986.
Mandel Lecture, American Society for Aesthetics, New York, October 27, 1989.
Darwin Lecture, Darwin College, Cambridge, U.K., March 6, 1992.
Amnesty Lecture, Oxford University, February 18, 1997

1964-65 Lecturer, Oxford College of Technology.
1965-70 Assistant Professor of Philosophy, University of California at Irvine.
1968 Visiting Assistant Professor, Tufts University Summer Session.
1970-71 Associate Professor, University of California at Irvine.
1971-75 Associate Professor, Tufts University.
1973 Visiting Associate Professor, Harvard University (Fall Semester).
1975 Visiting Professor, University of Pittsburgh (Spring Semester).
1975- Professor, Tufts University.
1976-82 Chairman, Department of Philosophy.
1979 Visiting Lecturer, Oxford University.
1985-89 Co-Director Curricular Software Studio, Tufts University.
1985- Distinguished Professor of Arts & Sciences; Director Center for
Cognitive Studies, Tufts University.

American Academy of Arts & Sciences.
Academia Scientiarum et Artum Europaea
American Association for Artificial Intelligence.
American Philosophical Association.
Cognitive Science Society.
Memory Disorder Society
Society for Philosophy and Psychology (President, 1980-81).

Associate Editor, Behavioral and Brain Sciences and Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience.
Editorial Board, Adaptive Behavior; Artificial Intelligence Review; Artificial Life; Behavior and Philosophy; Cogito; Cognitive Science; Consciousness and Cognition; Journal of Consciousness Studies; Perception; Philosophy & Phenomenological Research.

Content and Consciousness, Routledge & Kegan Paul, London, and Humanities Press, New York, 1969 (International Library of Philosophy and Scientific Method). (Paperback edition, 1986; Italian edition, 1992; Spanish edition, 1994).
Brainstorms: Philosophical Essays on Mind and Psychology, Bradford Books, 1978. (Italian edition, 1991; Swedish edition, 1992).
The Mind's I: Fantasies and Reflections on Self and Soul, Co-edited with Douglas Hofstadter, Basic Books, 1981. (Japanese edition, 1984; Spanish and Italian editions, 1985; German and Dutch editions 1986; French and Chinese editions, 1987; Greek edition, 1993).
Elbow Room: The Varieties of Free Will Worth Wanting, MIT Press, Oxford University Press, 1984. (German edition, 1986; Spanish edition, 1992).
The Intentional Stance, MIT Press/A Bradford Book, 1987 (French edition, 1990; Spanish edition, 1991; Italian edition, 1993; Japanese edition, 1995).
Consciousness Explained, Little, Brown, 1991, Penguin, 1992 (Dutch, Italian, French, German, Spanish editions, 1993).
Darwin's Dangerous Idea, Simon & Schuster, 1995 (Dutch and German editions, 1996, Italian edition, 1998).
Kinds of Minds, Basic Books, 1996. Part of the Science Masters Series (which will appear in 24 languages in the next few years).
Brainchildren: Essays on Designing Minds, MIT Press and Penguin, 1998.

Selected Recent Articles:
"Dennett and Carr Further Explained: an exchange" Emory Cognition Project, Report #28, Department of Psychology, Emory University, Apr. 1994.
"Artificial Life as Philosophy," in Artificial Life, v. 1, pp. 291-292, 1994.
"Real Consciousness" and "Instead of Qualia" in Consciousness in Philosophy and Cognitive Neuroscience, A. Revonsuo & M. Kamppinen, eds., Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum, 1994.
"Counting Consciousnesses: None, One, Two, or None of the Above?" (with Marcel Kinsbourne) continuing commentary on "Time and the Observer" in Behavioral and Brain Sciences (1994), v. 17, n. 1, pp. 178-80.
"Il SÈ I SÈ. Quale Tipo di Realtý? In forma di corrispndenza," (correspondence between Paolo Francesco Pieri and Daniel Dennett) in ATQUE, May-Oct. 1994, n. 9, pp. 193-195.
"Evolution as An Algorithm--The Ultimate Insult?" in The Mind, the Brain and Complex Adaptive Systems, ed, Harold Morowitz and Jerome Singer, Santa Fe Inst. Studies in the Sciences of Complexity, Proceedings Vol. XXII, 1994, Addison-Wesley, pp. 221-223.
"Time and the Observer," with M. Kinsbourne, reprinted in The Philosopher's Annual, Grim, Mar and Williams, eds., vol. XV-1992, 1994, pp. 23-68.
"The Role of Language in Intelligence," in What is Intelligence? The Darwin College Lectures, ed. Jean Khalfa, Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press.;reprinted in Sprach und Denken, A. Burri, ed., de Gruyter (Berlin and New York).
"Self portrait," in S. Guttenplan, ed., A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, Blackwell Press, Oxford, 1994, pp. 236-244.
"Cognitive Science as Reverse Engineering: Several Meanings of 'Top-Down' and'Bottom-Up'," in Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science IX, D. Prawitz, B. Skyrms, and D. WesterstÂhl, eds., Elsevier Science, BV, Amsterdam, North-Holland, 1994, pp. 679-689.
"The Practical Requirements for Making a Conscious Robot" Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, in The Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, A, v. 349, 1994, pp. 133-146.
"E Pluribus Unum?" commentary on Wilson & Sober in Behavioral and Brain Science, v. 17, no. 4, 1994, pp. 617-18.
"Get Real," reply to 17 commentaries, Philosophical Topics, vol. 22, no. 1 & 2, Spring & Fall 1994, pp. 505-568.
"True Believers: The Intentional Strategy and Why it Works," Reprinted from
Scientific Explanation, ed. A.F. Heath (1981), Mental Representation: A Reader,
1994 , pp 312-331
"Comment nous tissons notre moi," (How we weave our selves) in MÈcanismes mentaux, mÈcanismes sociaux: de la psychose ý la panique, Jean-Pierre Dupuy and Henri Grivois, eds., Šditions La dÈcouverte, Paris, 1995, pp. 147-166.
"Interview," in Veery #4, 1995, pp. 1-6.
"On Giving Libertarians What They Say They Want," reprinted in Agents, Causes, and Events: essays on Indeterminism and Free Will, Timothy O'Connor, ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995., pp. 43-55.
"Intentional Systems," Modern Philosophy of Mind, William Lyons, ed., Everyman, London, 1995, pp. 191-213.
"In Defense of AI," in Speaking Minds: Interviews with Twenty Eminent Cognitive Scientists, P. Baumgartner and S. Payr, eds., Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 1995. pp. 59-69.
"Darwin's Dangerous Idea," in The Sciences, May/June 1995, pp.34-40.
"How to Make Mistakes," in How Things Are, J. Brockman and K. Matson, eds., William Morrow and Company, New York, 1995. pp. 137-144.
"La Percezione Ë il 'Bordo d'Attacco' della Memoria?" ("Is Perception the 'Leading
Edge' of Memory?") in Iride, anno. VIII, N. 14, April 1995, pp. 59-78, ed. by
A. Spadafora.
Reply to Letters to the Editor in The Sciences, Sept./Oct. 1995, pp. 6-7 & 48.
Interview by Lere Shakunle in The Journal of Transfigural Mathematics, vol. 1, no. 3, 1995, pp. 47-52.
"The Path not Taken," (commentary on Ned Block, "On Confusion About a Function of Consciousness,") in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 18, no. 2, 1995, pp. 252-53.
Interview with Daniel C. Dennett, in Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, vol. 7, no. 3, Summer 1995, pp. 408-14.
"Animal Consciousness: What Matters and Why," Social Research, vol. 62, no. 3, Fall 1995, pp. 691-710.
"The Unimagined Preposterousness of Zombies," commentary on T. Moody, O. Flanagan and T. Polger, Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 2, no. 4, 1995, pp. 322-326.
"Do Animals have Beliefs?" in Herbert Roitblat & Jean-Arcady Meyer, eds., Comparative Approaches to Cognitive Sciences, MIT Press, 1995, pp. 111-118.
"Multiple Drafts: An eternal golden braid?", with M. Kinsbourne, response to Glicksohn and Salter in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, vol. 18, no. 4, 1995, pp. 810-11.
"Overworking the hippocampus," in Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 1995.
"Hofstadter's Quest," Commentary on Doug Hofstadter, Complexity, vol.1,
no.6 , 1995, pp 9-12.
"Facing Backwards on the Problem of Consciousness," commentary on Chalmers for Journal of Consciousness Studies, vol. 3, no. 1 (special issue, part 2), 1996, pp. 4-6, reprinted in J. Shear, ed, Explaining Consciousness - The 'Hard Problem,' MIT Press, 1997, pp. 33-36.
"Producing Future by Telling Stories," in K. Ford and Z. Pylyshyn, eds, The Robot's Dilemma Revisited: The Frame Problem in Artificial Intelligence, Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1996. pp. 1-7.
"Seeing is Believing--or is it?" in K. Akins ed., Perception, Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science, vol. 5: Oxford Univ. Press, 1996 pp. 158-172.
"Bewusstsein hat mehr mit Ruhm als mit Fernsehen zu tun,"(German translation, Consciousness: More like Fame than Television) Christa Maar, Ernst P–ppel, and Thomas Christaller, eds., Die Technik auf dem Weg zur Seele, Rowohlt, 1996.
"Cow-sharks, Magnets, and Swampman," Mind & Language,vol.11 no.1, 1996,
pp 76-77.
"Granny versus Mother Nature -- No Contest," Mind & Language,vol.11 no.3,
1996, pp 263-269.
"The Scope of Natural Selection," Boston Review, Oct/Nov 1996, replies to
H.Allen Orr's review "Dennett's Strange Idea", Boston Review, summer 1996.
"Qui pouvons-nous etre?," (Who are we?) avec Angele Kremer-Marietti, Les
Rencontres Philosophiques De L'Unesco, 1996. 1997
"Qualia," interview with Daniel C. Dennett, Conversations in the Cognitive
Neurosciences, M.S.Gazzaniga ed., (originally appeared in Journal of Cognitive
"Did HAL Commit Murder? (Authorized Title)," [Unauthorized Title:"When Hal
Kills, Who's to Blame? Computer Ethics,"] in D. Stork, ed.,Hal's Legacy:2001's
Computer as Dream and Reality, MIT Press 1997, pp 351-365.
"Haru Densetu: 2001nen Konpyuta no yume to genjitsu," Japanese translation of
Hal's Legacy: 2001's Computer as Dream and Reality, Hayakawa Publishing,
Inc., Tokyo, 1997, pp 351- 365.
"Reply to Mulhauser," Philosophical Books, 38, pp 89-92.
"Consciousness in human and robot minds," Cognition,Computation, &
Consciousness, M. Ito, Y. Miyashita, and E.T. Rolls, eds., Oxford University
Press, pp. 17-29.
"Cog as a Thought Experiment," Robotics and Autonomous Systems 20, pp. 251-
"Can Machines Think? Deep Blue and Beyond," in xxx dutch publication.

Selected Recent Reviews:

of Robert Richards, Darwin and the Emergence of Evolutionary Theories of Mind and Behavior, Philosophy of Science, 56:3, Sept. 1989.
of Roger Penrose, The Emperor's New Mind, "Murmurs in the Cathedral," Times Literary Supplement, Sept. 29-Oct. 5, 1989.
of Colin McGinn, The Problem of Consciousness, in the Times Literary Supplement, May 10, 1991.
of Gerald Edelman, Bright Air, Brilliant Fire, and Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch, The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience,in New Scientist, June 13, 1992, pp.48-9.
of Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, and Eleanor Rosch, The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience, in American Journal of Psychology, Spring 1993, Vol.106, No.1, pp.121-154.
of Allen Newell, Unified Theories of Cognition, in Artificial Intelligence, 1993, 59 pp.285-294.
of John Searle, The Rediscovery of the Mind, in Journal of Philosophy, 90, pp.193- 205.
of Seymour Papert, The Children's Machine:Rethinking School in the Age of the Computer, in New Scientist, (6 Nov. 1993), v. 140, n. 1898, pp. 45-46.
of Ray Jackendoff, Patterns in the Mind and Pinker, The Language Instinct, London Review of Books, (23 June 1994), v. 16, n. 12, pp. 10-11.
of Colin Renfrew, and Ezra Zubrow, eds., The Ancient Mind: Elements of Cognitive Archeology, Cambridge University Press, 1994, New Scientist, (6 August 1994), v. 143, n. 1937, pp. 41-43.
of Antonio Damasio, Descartes' Error, Times Literary Supplement, August 25, 1995, pp. 3-4.
of A. G. Cairns-Smith, Evolving the Mind: on the nature of matter and the origin of
consciousness, Nature, vol. 381, 6 June 1996, pp. 486-6.
of Thomas Nagel, Other Minds: Critical Essays, 1969-1994, Journal of Philosophy, vol. XCIII, no. 8, Aug 1996, pp. 425-28.
of Douglas Hofstadter & F.A.R.G, Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies, for Complexity Journal, vol. 1, no. 6, 1995/96, pp. 9-12.
of Walter Burkert, Creation of the Sacred: Tracks of Biology in Early Religions,
"Appraising Grace:what evolutionary good is God?," The Sciences, Jan/Feb 1997
pp 39-44; reprinted in expanded form in Method & Theory in the Study of
Religion 10/1 (1998).


Is Your Mind in your Brain? (in Italian translation) Sigma Tau Lectures in Milan, to
be published by Laterza, Rome.
Hungarian and Japanese editions of Darwin's Dangerous Idea
Finnish edition of Consciouness Explained
"The Myth of Double Transduction," in the volume of the International Consciousness Conference, (Tucson II), S. Hameroff, ed., MIT Press
"How to do Other Things with Words," Royal Institute Conference on Philosophy
of Language
"Making Tools for Thinking," in Metarepresentation, D. Sperber, ed.
"Faith in the Truth," in The Values of Science, W. Williams, ed., (The Amnesty
Lectures, Oxford 1997), Basic Books.
"Intentional Stance," contribution to The MIT Encyclopedia of the Cognitive
"Where am I?" in Portuguese translation, Cerebros, Maquinas e Consciencia,
J.Teixeira, ed., Editora da Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos.
"Reflections on Language and Mind," in Language and thought: interdisciplinary
themes, P.Carruthers and J. Boucher, eds. CUP, Spring 1998.
"Snowmobiles, horses, rats, and memes," a comment on "A Critique of
Evolutionary Archeology," by James L. Boone & Eric Alden Smith, in Current
"The Evolution of Religious Memes," in Method and Theory in the Study of
"Waar Zit Het Bewustzijn?" lecture given at the University of Groningen, The
Netherlands, in 1997, translated into Dutch and published in March or April, 1998 in
the Dutch Journal of Philosophy


"First Person Plural: Philosophical Problems of Consciousness with Clinical Implications," The New Traumatology Conference, Clearwater Beach, FL, Jan 12- 15, 1996.
"Discovering Who We Can Be: Conversation and Enlightenment," presented at UNESCO Philosophical Forum on Richard Rorty, March 27-30, 1996.
Keynote Address, Of Apples and Origins II, New Hampshire Humanities Council, Dartmouth University, April 20, 1996.
Panel Discussion on Religion and Science, EPIIC, Tufts University, April 21, 1996.
Reply to paper on Free Will by Timothy O'Connor, Central APA Meeting, Chicago, April 26, 1996.
"Recent Work on Consciousness," Harvard Students' Philosophy Colloquium, May 1, 1996.
"A Perspective on the Dynamics/Computation Debate," Santa Fe Institute, May 14, 1996.
Reply to Hardcastle, Society for Philosophy and Psychology annual meeting, San Francisco, May 31, 1996.
"The Vision Experiments of Grimes and Rensink," Society for Philosophy and Psychology annual meeting, San Francisco, May 31, 1996.
"The Emergence of Meaning," Lunchtime Lectures, Royal Geographic Society, London, June 25, 1996.
"Reflections on Language and Mind," Language and Thought Conference, University of Sheffield, United Kingdom, June 29, 1996.
"Consciousness Explained: Towards a Philosophy of Mind," British Association Symposium on Brain and Consciousness, Birmingham, England, Sept. 12, 1996.
"How to do Other Things with Words," Royal Institute of Philosophy, Conference
on the Philosophy of Language, University of Reading, England, Sept. 22, 1996;
Macalester University, Oct. 22, 1996; University of Houston, Nov. 21, 1996
"The Myth of Double Transduction," Tucson II, Sept. 30, 1996
"Consciousness: More Like Fame than Television," Carleton University, Oct. 24,
1996; Portuguese Philosophical Society, Lisbon, Feb. 20, 1997; Wellesley
College, March 3, 1997
Russell Sage Foundation Workshop on Subjective Well-Being, organized by
D. Kahneman, Princeton University, Nov. 1-2, 1996
Opening Presentation, AAAI Symposium on Embodied Cognition, MIT, Nov. 9-11,
Public talk, Sydney Writers' Festival, Sydney, Australia, Jan. 25, 1997
"Making Tools for Thinking," Vancouver Cognitive Science Conference, Simon
Fraser University, Feb. 7-8, 1997
"Where is the Mind? Not in the Brain," Cambridge University, Feb. 17, 1997
"Faith in the Truth," Amnesty Lecture, Oxford University, Feb. 18, 1997
"Reflections on Darwin's Dangerous Idea," the Faculty of Humanities,
University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Feb. 21, 1997
"The Biology of Morality," Mind, Brain & Behavior program, Harvard Universtiy,
March 5, 1997
"The Case of the Tell-Tale Traces: A Mystery Solved; a Skyhook Grounded,"
Comments on Behe, University of Notre Dame, April 5, 1997
"Is Your Mind In Your Brain?," University of Arkansas, April 19, 1997
"Is Your Mind In Your Brain?" Sigma Tau Lectures, Istututo San Raffaele,
Milan, Italy, April 1997
"Cultural Collision Zones: Why Darwin's Idea is Dangerous" Wooten Lecture,
Tufts University, May 8, 1997
"The Evolution of Evaluators," The International School of Economics,
Workshop on Evolution and Economics, Siena, Italy, June 26-July 6
"Complexity and the Mind," New England Complex System Institute, Nashua,
NH, September, 1997
"The Myth of Double Transduction" Neurosurgical Grand Rounds, Harvard
University, September 1997
A teleconference interview on artificial intelligence and neuroscience, in Linz,
Austria, Prix Ars Electronica, September 1997
"Are We Becoming Machines?" Jackson Lecturer at South Carolina Humanities
Festival, Lander University, South Carolina, September 11, 1997
"Cultural Evolution: Myths and Misunderstandings," Columbia University:
philosophy and psychology faculty discussion group, September 23, 1997
"The Myth of Double Transduction," Grand Rounds Lecture Series at the
Psychiatry Department of New York Hospital--Cornell Medical Center, New
York, September 24, 1997
"Can Machines Think? Deep Blue and Beyond," October 8, a talk given at
Stuudium General Maastricht, The Netherlands
"something else--let's look in the files," Millenium Dinner, Opera
House, Brussels, Belgium, October, 1997
Tans Lecture/Dutch Science & Technology Week, University of Groningen,
University of Enschede, October 1997
"Tools for Creativity," Conference on Human and Artificial Creativity
(organized by Douglas Hofstadter), Stanford University, November 1997.
"Downhill synthesis and reverse engineering," Human Frontier Science Program
Workshop V, Evolutionary Perspectives on Brain and Mind, Strasbourg,
France, November 13, 1997
"Animals learn from experience, but can they recollect the experience they learn
from?" Cambridge Philosophical Society, King's College, Cambridge,
December 8, 1997
"Tools for Brains: How Technology Created Human Consciousness," Hewlett-
Packard Mathematical Sciences Lecture, Bristol, England, December 10, 1997
"The Creation of Creativity" Distinguished Fellow Medal lecture at Canberra,
Institute for Advanced Research, Centre for the Mind, February 3, 1998
"The Myth of Double Transduction" Philosophy Dept, Australian National
University, Canberra, February 11, 1998
"Cog and Artificial Intelligence" and "Evolution of Evaluators: a Perspective on
Multiple Personality Disorder," Royal College of Psychiatry Philosophy
Interest Group meeting, Blue Mountains, Australia, February14, 15, 1998
"Brains and Minds" Feb 16, School of Biological Sciences, Macquarie
University, Sydney,Australia, February 16, 1998 "Hunting for Skyhooks, Discovering Cranes" Humanities West Conference: Darwin's Menagerie: Victorians, Sociobiologists and Other Endangered Species, San Francisco, California, March 6, 1998
"Cultural evolution: Current Controversies and Confusions," March 8, 1998 and
"Hunting for Skyhooks, Discovering Cranes" University of Georgia,
Athens, Georgia, Winter Symposium in Evolutionary Biology, March 9, 1998