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"Will we find the will and the way to limit our population growth before the Biosphere does it for us?"

NILES ELDREDGE
Paleontologist and Curator at The American Museum of Natural History; author of The High Table; Dominion.



"As biological and traditional forms of cultural evolution are superseded by electronic (or post-electronic) evolution, what will be the differentially propagating "units" and the outcome of the natural selection among them?"

PAUL EWALD
Evolutionary biologist at Amherst; author of Evolution Of Infectious Disease.



"Will the 'theory of everything' be a theory of principles, not particles? Will it invoke order from above, not below?"

KENNETH FORD
Retired Director of the American Institute of Physics; author of The World Of Elementary Particles.



"However appropriate it may be for the economy, the 'market model' is a grossly inadequate model for the rest of human society. With the decline of religious conviction and the slow pace of changes in the legal code, how can we nurture persons and institutions that can resist a purely market orientation in all spheres of living?"

HOWARD GARDNER
Psychologist at Harvard; author of Frames Of Mind; The Mind's New Science; Extraordinary Minds.



"When will the nation's leading intellectuals come clean & admit that Biblical doctrine (on women, nature, homosexuality, the absolute nature of moral truth and lots of other topics) makes them cringe and they are henceforth NOT Jews and NOT Christians, and the hell with old time religion?"

DAVID GELERNTER
Computer scientist at Yale; author of Mirror Worlds; Drawing Life.



"Is superstring theory (or M-theory, as it has become) the long-sought unified theory of all the elementary particles and forces of nature?"

"How can we improve our reward system for excellence in filtering, interpreting, and synthesizing the vast body of so-called information with which we are deluged."

MURRAY GELL-MANN
Nobel laureate physicist at the Santa Fe Institute; author of The Quark And The Jaguar.



"How can we teach each other to embrace pluralism, and to trust each other with the new tools that promote privacy and freedom of speech?"

MIKE GODWIN
EFF (Electronic Frontier Foundation) Staff Counsel.



"Can science survive the sell-out to technology and the corporate sector?"

BRIAN GOODWIN
Biologist, Schumacher College; author of How The Leopard Changed Its Spots.



"At what point a complex organic macro-structure becomes 'alive' ?"

MARCELO GLEISER
Brazilian physicist, Dartmouth; author of The Dancing Universe.



"How do intelligent beings learn to adapt successfully on their own to a rapidly changing world without forgetting what they already know?"

STEPHEN GROSSBERG
Cognitive scientist at Boston University; author of Studies Of Mind And Brain; The Adaptive Brain.



"It appears likely that the universe that we can observe is just one of an infinity of 'pocket universes,' which are continually being created by a process called eternal inflation. These pocket universes are believed to split off from a region of 'false vacuum', which expands so quickly that its volume increases forever, despite the loss of volume to the formation of pocket universes. The problem is to find a reliable way to extract predictions from this picture. The properties of the pocket universes can vary, and with an infinity of trials essentially anything will happen an infinite number of times. We need to learn how to distinguish the probable from the improbable, but so far such a probability calculation has never been given a precise definition."

ALAN GUTH
Physicist at MIT; author of The Inflationary Universe.



"Are life and consciousness purely emergent phenomena, or subtly connected to a fundamental level of the universe?"

STUART HAMEROFF, M.D.
Neuroscientist, University of Arizona; coeditor of Toward A Science Of Consciousness.



"How can we reconcile our desire for fairness and equity with the brutal fact that people are not all alike?"

JUDITH RICH HARRIS
Developmental psychologist; co-author of The Child: A Contemporary View Of Development.



"It is now possible for functional parts of one animal's brain to be transplanted into another's. A tasty question for future research, one with volatile biomedical and ethical implications, is whether the memories and goals and desires of one animal can be transplanted as well?"

MARC D. HAUSER
Evolutionary psychologist at Harvard; author of The Evolution Of Communication.



"Is there a way to enlarge our separate tribal loyalties, to include all our fellow humans?"

REUBEN HERSH
Mathematician; author of What Is Mathematics, Really?



"Where is the frontier?"

W. DANIEL HILLIS
Computer scientist; V-P of R&D at the Walt Disney Company author of How Computers Think (forthcoming).



"How can we bring up children so that they have the ability to form satisfying relationships and a proper moral sense? How do we construct a society with a proper moral code? Do we know what a proper moral code is?"

ROBERT HINDE
Ethologist; Fellow, former Master and Royal Society Professor, St. John's College, Cambridge; author of Towards Understanding Releationships; Individuals, Relationships, and Culture.



"Can we use our current technology to bring C. P. Snow's two cultures closer together? For example, could we produce a vision-oriented, computer-based version of the cross-cultural artifact envisioned in Hermann Hesse's Das Glasperlenspiel?"

JOHN HENRY HOLLAND
Computer Scientist at the University of Michigan; author of Hidden Order: How Adaptation Builds Complexity; Emergence.



"Does anyone who is not a fool or fundamentalist still believe in utopia?"

JOHN HORGAN
Science writer; author of The End Of Science.



"Why and how do we jump to conclusions in mathematics?"

VERENA HUBER-DYSON
Mathematician; author of Goedel's Theorems; A Workbook On Formalization.



"Why is music such a pleasure?"

NICHOLAS HUMPHREY
Psychologist at The New School for Social Research; author of Consciousness Regained; A History Of The Mind; Leaps Of Faith.



"What will be the framework for a scientific study of the subject-object split?"

PIET HUT
Astrophysicist at the Institute for Advanced Study; President of the Kira Institute.



"What are the implications of the science of complex adaptive systems for the nature of law and of legal personhood?"

DAVID JOHNSON
Attorney; founder of Counsel Connect; Co-Director, Cyberspace Law Institute.




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